: Bharatpur, Rajasthan
Prime Attraction : Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Boar
Painted Storks, Egrets, Cormorants, White Ibis,
Jacanas, While Harriers, Fishing Eagles, Pied
Kingfisher and Siberian Crane.
The Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary,
of Rajasthan, houses approximately
300 species of birds. Amongst them, the most prominent
ones are Painted Storks, Open and Spoon Bills,
Egrets, Cormorants, White Ibis, Jacanas, While
Harriers, Fishing Eagles, Pied Kingfisher, etc.
However, the most awaited species of birds is
the Siberian Crane. Apart from
Iran, India is the only place where this bird
migrates in winter.
Bharatpur sanctuary remains
open throughout the year from sunrise to sunset.
There is permission for vehicles to go up to Shanti
Kutir, i.e. approximately 1.7 km inside the park.
Beyond this point, the options are to walk or
take a bicycle or go by a cycle rickshaw. Even
tongas and boats are available when the water
level is high.
A hunting ground for the Maharaja, Bharatpur
was formed by transformation of the shallow depression
created by the union of River Gambhir and River
Banganga. This was then formed into a reservoir
by damming the rainwater in monsoons. The ultimate
result was the formation of a shallow wetland
ecosystem, a perfect habitat for birds. The park
continued to be a hunting preserve for the Maharaja
and the British till 1964.
In the following years, hunting in the area got
banned. Plantation of acacias, under a policy
of forestation) was followed with a great zeal.
However, till date, the ecosystem at the Park
is in a delicate state. The culprits behind this
are the tourist pressures and water needs of the
nearby residing villagers. Some of the bird species
continue to live in a state of endangerment, especially
the Siberian crane.